About our City
Prior to the mid 15th
century, the region that is now Bikaner was a barren wilderness called Jangle
Pradesh. In 1488 Rao Bika established the city of Bikaner. Rao Bika was the
first son of Maharaj rao jodha.Rao Jodha of the Rathor clan, the founder of
Jodhpur and conquered the largely arid country in the north of Rajasthan.
Though it was in the Thar Desert, Bikaner was considered an oasis on the
trade route between Central Asia and the Gujrat coast as it had adequate
spring water. Bika's name was attached to the city he built and to the state of
Bikaner ("the settlement of Bika") that he established. Bika built a
fort in 1478, which is now in ruins, and a hundred years later a new fort was
built about 1.5 km from the city centre, known as the Junagarh Fort.
Around a century after Rao Bika founded Bikaner, the state's fortunes
flourished under the sixth Raja, Rai Singhji, who ruled from 1571 to 1611. He
was an expert in arts and architecture, and the knowledge he acquired during
his visits abroad is amply reflected in the numerous monuments he built at the
General Maharaja Ganga Singh who
ruled from 1887 to 1943, was the best-known of the Rajasthan princes and was a
favourite of the British viceroys of India. He was appointed a knight
Commande of the Order of the Star of India.He served as a member of the
Imperial War Cabinet represented India at the Imperial Conferences during the
first World War and the British Empire at the versailles Peace conference.
His contribution to the building activity in Junagarh involved separate halls
for public and private audiences in the Ganga Mahal and a durbar hall for
formal functions. He also built the Ganga Niwas Palace, which has towers at the
entrance patio. This palace was designed by Sir Samuel Jacob, the third of the
new palaces built in Bikaner. He named the building Lalgarh Palace in
honour of his father and moved his main residence there from, Junagarh fort in
1902. The hall where he held his Golden Jubilee (in 1938) as Bikaner's ruler is
now a museum.
Usually, the weather in Bikaner
during February is very pleasant with warm days (25-28'C) and cool nights (12-18'C).